Tajwid: The Value of Correct Pronunciation When Reciting the Quran

Tajwid: The Importance of Proper Pronunciation in Quran Recitation


Shia Quran Centers have been established all around the globe to help people in gaining knowledge and developing their recitation skills to give Qur’an its rights of recitation. Tajwid, according to Shia Scholars and teachers, is of great importance for us in order to give the Quran its rights for recitation. We all wish to read correctly and beautifully and the beauty of the words is only possible if we know the rules of reading. Correct pronunciation helps in getting perfect meanings. Let us find out about how important it is, especially for us Iranians (Shias). From where did this art of Tajwid come?

Part 1 : Introduction To Tajweed

Makharij-Ul-Huroof Sifaat-Ul-Huruf Noon (The Noon Sakinah And Tanween) Meem (The Meem Sakinah) Muddud Laam(Qamariyya And Shamsiyya) Thickness And Thinness (Tafkhim And Tarqeeq)

In this series, we will be discussing Tajweed rules that are related to letters. The first set is the noon sakinah and tanween. The noon sakinah has a few different names; some scholars name it as the noon sakinah while others call it the fathatan qalbiyyah.


Part 2 : Steps To Improve Your Recitation

Do not forget to learn the rules and regulations for reciting the Qur’an. Start with Makharij-Ul-Huroof (the rules for reading letters) Sifaat-Ul-Huruf (the rules for reading the vowel marks) and Noon (The Noon Sakinah And Tanween). After learning these, move on to Muddud Laam(Qamariyya And Shamsiyya) Thickness And Thinness (Tafkhim And Tarqeeq). There is no need to feel discouraged if you do not manage to remember all of these at once. Take your time and memorize each rule separately so that you will be able to recite correctly.


Part 3 : Going In Depth

When reciting the Quran, one must be careful about their pronunciation. This includes the following:

1) Makharij-Ul-Huroof Sifaat-Ul-Huruf Noon (The Noon Sakinah And Tanween) 2) Meem (The Meem Sakinah) 3) Muddud Laam(Qamariyya And Shamsiyya) 4) Thickness And Thinness (Tafkhim And Tarqeeq). These are some common mistakes and how to fix them.


Part 4 : Examples

Makharij-Ul-Huroof Sifaat-Ul-Huruf Noon (The Noon Sakinah And Tanween) Meem (The Meem Sakinah) Muddud Laam(Qamariyya And Shamsiyya) Thickness And Thinness (Tafkhim And Tarqeeq)

Every letter has its own rules to be recited. There are three categories of letters which can be classified as major rules. It is important to pronounce each letter correctly, as it will change the meaning of the word.

  1. Makharij-Ul-Huroof – Letters that have a special mark on them like Noon, Meem and Lam etc.


Part 5 : Conclusion

The importance of Tajwid lies in the fact that it is a science and an art, a tool for the improvement and refinement of one’s soul and for beautifying one’s recitations, as well as the key to understanding the meanings. There are many rules to remember, which can seem daunting at first. But with regular practice, your skills will improve dramatically and you will be able to recite beautifully, giving full credit to Allah (swt) for allowing you this blessing.

Hopefully this post has been helpful!


How many Surahs are in the Quran Shia?

The Shias accept 17 surahs which are not present in the Sunni version. They are Surat Al-Kahf, Surat Maryam, Surat Taha, Surat Al-Anbiyaa’, Surat Al-Hadid,Surat Al-Mujadila,Surat Ibrahim and Surat Hamd. Out of these 17 surahs only one is present in the Sunni version; namely Surah Hamd.

It is narrated that ʿAli (ra) said to Ibn Abbas (ra) How many chapters have been revealed to Prophet Muhammad?


What Quran do Shias read?

Shias recite the Qur’an according to the Qira’at aal-Hussainiyeen. This means that we read the Qur’an according to the rules and regulations set by Imam Hussain ibn Ali (peace be upon him). Imam Hussain ibn Ali is one of Prophet Muhammad’s grandsons and he was martyred for refusing to give up his belief in Islam. He wrote a letter to his brother, Imam Hassan ibn Ali, telling him how important it was that they live their lives as pure Muslims and not give up their religion.

It is important for us, followers of Imam Hussain ibn Ali, to continue reciting the Qur’an correctly because it’s what our Imam wants.


What is the difference between Shia and Sunni Quran?

In the Arabic language, there are three different types of vowels called ‘afkhar’: tanween, ta’khir and tashdid. Sunni Muslims use all three types of vowels, but Shia Muslims only use two. In a word like fatan (meaning to happen), for example, a Sunni would pronounce it as fa-ta-na whereas a Shia would say fa-tan.


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